When you sign a SNAP application, you are agreeing that everything stated on the application and other information you provide is “true under the pains and penalties of perjury.”
During the interview, the DTA worker should verbally tell you what proofs are required and ask if you need their help getting them. 106 C.M.R.§§ 361.550.
DTA should then send you a verification checklist (called a “VC-1”) and give you at least 10 days to get the mandatory proofs back to them.
DTA must give you a full 30 days from the day you apply before they send a denial notice. If you had an interview but some proofs are still missing by Day 30, DTA will send you a “pending denial notice”. 106 C.M.R. § 361.930. This means you have another 30 days to get them missing proofs and not have to reapply. See Can I get my SNAP case reopened if I am denied for lack of proofs? if your proofs get in late.
DTA cannot limit proofs to any single document. Any document that proves an eligibility factor should be accepted. 106 C.M.R. §§ 361.640(A), 361.650. If you have trouble getting DTA proofs, ask DTA for help!
The SNAP rules also require that you provide proof of certain mandatory eligibility factors. This includes proof of:
■ Identity of the head of household: Documents with your name on it, 106 C.M.R.§ 361.610(G), such as:
- Driver’s license or Mass. ID
- Birth certificate or hospital birth record
- Other government or court documents
- School or work records
- Any other document that shows who you are
Only the head of household must verify identity. DTA can also verify your identity and the identity of other household members by doing a data check using the name, date of birth and SSN.106 C.M.R. § 361.610(G). If you have been on SNAP before in Massachusetts, DTA should not ask you to prove your identity again.
■ Massachusetts’ residence:
Document with your name and current address, 106 C.M.R.§ 361.610(H), such as:
- Lease, rent receipt or Landlord Verification form
- Deed or mortgage statement
- Utility bill
- Mass. driver’s license or Mass. ID with current address
- Voter registration
- Statement from someone you live with
- Statement from someone who knows where you live
DTA should first try to confirm your residence through the Registry of Motor Vehicles if you have a MA state ID or driver’s license with your current address. Otherwise, DTA may ask for one of the documents above. DTA should not require a statement from your landlord if you have other proof of residence.
If you just came to the area, and you are homeless or you are a migrant worker, you do not need to verify residence. 106 C.M.R. § 362.120. If you moved after you applied for or were approved for SNAP, see If I move, how do I report my new address?.
- Paystubs or pay envelopes
- A letter from your employer showing gross income.
- Other proof of gross income (before taxes
If your employer uses “The Work Number” (also called "Equifax") for employee information, DTA can get your current earnings from that source. DTA will tell you on notices if they used Equifax to prove your earnings. Large employers like Dunkin Donuts, Home Depot and other businesses may use the Work Number for payroll purposes.
If you cannot get proof of your earnings from your employer, ask DTA to contact the employer directly. See Should DTA help me if I am having a hard time getting proofs? SNAP rules also require DTA to accept the best evidence available for verification of income, which could be a self-declaration if neither you nor DTA can get other proof. 106 C.M.R. § 361.610(A) and 106 C.M.R. §363.210(G)(3):
“If all attempts to verify gross income are unsuccessful because the person or organization providing the income has failed to cooperate with the household and the Department, and all other sources of verification are unavailable, the Department shall determine the amount to be used for certification purposes based on the best available information.”
DTA changed the SNAP regulation in January 2017 to require that proof of earnings must include both the amount of earnings and number of hours worked. Requiring proof may violate the federal SNAP rules. 7 C.F.R. § 273.2(f)(1)(i). This may be an issue if you do piece work, or you are paid by the job and not hourly. Contact Legal Services if questions. The only time you need to prove hours of work is if you need to show work hours to qualify as an ABAWD (see What is the "ABAWD” 3-month limit for persons age 18 to age 50?) or a college student (What if I am a college student?)
■ Last day of work:
If your last day of work was within 30 days before the date of your application, DTA will need to know when you were last paid and how much you were paid. This income counts for the first month of your SNAP. 106 C.M.R. § 364.300.
If your last day of work was more than 30 days ago, in some situations DTA can ask you for proof of the last day you worked and why you left your job. This is required only for individuals subject to the SNAP work registration rules, and only if you "voluntarily quit" job in the past 60 days. See What are the rules if I recently quit a job or I am on strike?
DTA may ask for proof if they decide the information you gave on your application or during the interview is considered questionable. 106 C.M.R. § 362.340 (F).
■ Unearned income:
DTA can confirm a lot of unearned income directly through different databases. 106 C.M.R. § 363.210(G)(2). For example, DTA should confirm:
- Social Security (also called "RSDI") or SSI (Supplemental Security Income) through Social Security Administration (SSA)
- Unemployment Insurance through the Division of Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
- Child support you get through the MA Department of Revenue
DTA should only ask you to verify these types of income if they can’t get the information from the government database, or if the information they have does not match what you reported. If DTA asks you for proof, ask them to double check these data sources first. If you have other unearned income – such as a pension or workman’s compensation – DTA will ask you to send proof, such as a:
- Benefit or award letter
- Check or record of payment
- Statement from the agency making payments
DTA needs copies of any tax returns or business records that show the profit earned on self-employment and your business expenses. 106 C.M.R. § 365.940. If you have not filed tax returns, any other documents that reasonably prove your income should be accepted (including a sworn statement in limited situations).
Try to verify all your business expenses to reduce countable income. See How is self-employment income counted?. If you get money from renting out a room or apartment in your home or other property, see What is unearned income?. To show business expenses send DTA documents such as:
- Records that show business expenses, such as tax documents
- If you have rental income:
- Statement if you spend 20 hours or more per week managing the rental unit(s), and
- Proof of mortgage (including principal and interest)
- Bills for taxes, insurance, water, sewer, maintenance, and/or repairs
- Utility bills if you pay utilities for rental unit(s)
■ No income:
If you have $0 income, you should be able to self-declare this on the SNAP application. 106 C.M.R. 363.210 (A). If DTA has a good reason to believe you may be hiding income, they can ask you for additional information to understand how you are managing. 106 C.M.R. 363.210(E) They must document their reasons in the file.
Situations where DTA may question if you have unreported income is your living expenses are higher than your income and you don't give DTA an explanation about how you’re meeting your expenses. Be sure to explain to the DTA worker if you owe back rent, are borrowing money from family or friends, running up a credit card, or other reason. Unless questionable, your statements should be accepted.
You only need to prove disability if you are under age 60 and you are claiming a work exemption, a special immigrant exemption or to claim higher shelter costs or medical expenses. You usually only need to show DTA proof if you get a disability based benefit other than RSDI, SSI or EAEDC. If you get MassHealth coverage based on a disability DTA should confirm that directly with MassHealth. 106 C.M.R. § 361.210(B)(2). See How do I prove disability so I do not have to wait 5 years?.
The only time you are asked about assets is when you are seeking expedited (emergency) SNAP benefits of if a household member has been disqualified due to an Intentional Program Violation. See When do assets count?.
■ Immigration status:
Proof of status is required if you are not U.S. citizens and are applying for SNAP for yourself. 106 C.M.R. § 361.610(B). See Am I eligible if I am a legal immigrant? for details on proofs required. Examples of proof of immigration status include:
- Permanent Resident Card (“green card”)
- Employment Authorization Document
- Temporary Resident Card
- Arrival-Departure Record (I-94)
- Stamp in Passport
- Other document showing current or pending immigration status
- Statement from an immigration attorney about current or pending status
After getting your verification, DTA will confirm the immigration status through SAVE (federal database). See Am I eligible if I am a legal immigrant? if you have lost documentation of your legal status.
■ Other proofs - when DTA determines that information you gave is “questionable.” 106 C.M.R. § 361.620. See What if DTA questions the proofs I sent them or demands more proof?.
- DTA should not ask for permanent verifications (eligibility factors that never change) you already gave them, such as a driver license or birth certificate.
- If you have trouble producing missing wage information or your day of work, DTA can help you get information from your employer using a Request for Employment Information form, see Appendix C. If there is a missing week of work, but your pay stubs show year-to-date gross income, DTA can often figure out the missing week of income from other pay stubs.
DTA Policy Guidance:
- Cross Programs > Verifications > Verifications Overview
- Cross Programs > Verifications > The Verifications Checklist
- Business Process (BP) > Procedures (BP) > Front Office Procedures > Determining Document Urgency
- Local DTA office staff must review documents hand-delivered to DTA and assign an “urgent” or “non-urgent” status. Urgent documents (e.g. for expedited) must be processed by first available worker before sending them to EDMC, non-urgent documents batched and sent by local DTA to the EDMC. OLG Transmittal #2015-16 (May 1, 2015)